Infographic “Economic Land Concession: Sugarcane Plantation and Sugar Industry, Oddar Meanchey Province, Cambodia”

 

Sugar
In 2008, Mitr Phol Group, Thailand and Asia’s largest sugar company, requested for a 70-year economic land concession (ELC) for sugarcane plantations and a sugar refinery from the Cambodian government. The ELC covered 2 districts–Samrong and Chongkal–of Oddar Meanchey Province in northwest Cambodia. The approval was given to Mitr Phol’s 3 affiliated companies registered in Cambodia[1]
factors for investors
Everything But Arms Initiative (EBA) is the scheme promotes imports of products from the Least-Developed Countries (LDCs) without tariff and quota. The scheme aims to encourage exports among the LDCs in order to promote national economic growth.[2] Cambodia is considered a LDC and entitled to the privilege.
Advocacy and civil movements in Cambodia
Clean Sugar Campaign[3], a network of Cambodian non-governmental organizations, states the sugar concession and business operations of the 3 companies affect over 1,600 families in 2 districts. Communities struggle with forced evictions, land grabs, forest clearance and violent actions instigated by police officers and the military. Nearly 8,000 hectares of concession lands overlap community forest areas.[4]
 

 

 

 

[1] Economic Land Concession Profiles found in MAFF’s website: www.elc.maff.gov.kh

[2] http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2014/october/tradoc_152839.pdf

[3] http://www.boycottbloodsugar.net/the-campaign/

[4] “The most notorious evictions linked to these concessions took place in O’Bat Moan/Bos village, in KonKriel commune between 2008 and 2009. In April 2008 Angkor Sugar company staff demolished 154 houses in the village. Then on October 9, 2009, homes belonging to approximately 118 families were burned and bulldozed by a contingent of approximately 150 police, military police, and hired demolition workers. Forestry Administration officials and RCAF troops from Battalion 42 – another battalion to which Ly Yong Phat provides “support” to– set up roadblocks at the entrances to the village, barring human rights workers and the media from entering the village to observe the evictions. Women and children fled to the local pagoda, while the men fled to the forest out of fear of arrest. Villagers were never allowed to return to their homes.” CLEAN SUGAR CAMPAIGN, Land is life. Life is a universal human right. The sugar industry must be brought to justice for their atrocities, http://www.boycottbloodsugar.net/where-is-it-happening/oddar-meanchey/